Spending time out is essential for being active physically. It diminishes the chances of stress and anxiety, making you refreshed throughout the day. Stepping out in the sun can be extremely harmful because of the damaging ultraviolet (UV) light. These are the noxious rays that come from the sun, tanning beds, and sun lamps. The invisible UV rays can have a deleterious effect on the skin.
UV rays can affect the skin layers during summer only, but they can be unfavorable the whole year. They can reflect from sand, skin, snow, water, or cement.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU’RE EXPOSED TO THE SUN?
The immediate harm that exposure to the sun does is sunburn. If we examine the sunburned skin under a microscope, we will observe damaged cells and blood vessels. Skin gets dry and flaky under repeated exposure to UV rays. It becomes more discolored, hyper-pigmented, and weak, making the skin form spots more easily and frequently.
However, the primary threat that sun exposure provides is Skin Cancer. It would help if you had a combination of sun protective measures to decrease any risk of skin cells damage.
You can efficiently work and play outside with a decreased risk of harming your skin from the sun by following these few steps in your daily routine.
The most essential and crucial step to save your skin from UV rays is to apply sunscreen religiously. This step is as important as washing your face. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen that protects from both UVA and UVB rays can be beneficial. Use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more and apply a generous amount on the exposed skin.
Sunscreen tends to wear off with time, so re-application is necessary in this case. Re-apply it after every 4-6 hours for maximum protection. It will not only save you from UV rays but also reduce the chances of aging, wrinkles, and freckles.
Protect yourself from the harsh rays by wearing sunglasses to reduce the risk of cataracts. The skin under your eyes is sensitive, and sunglasses aids in the protection of it. Having a shade blocks the rays from coming to your exposed skin directly. Carry an umbrella along with you. Find yourself a shade or tree to minimize contact with the sun.
A wide brim hat also works efficiently in covering your face and protecting it. Tiny hats and hats with holes will not serve the purpose.
Wear protective clothing like full sleeves, socks, or long pants to maximize the shelter from the sun. Clothes made from tightly woven fabric are the best choice. Dark colors provide more protection than lighter ones.You also have options for certified clothing under international standards that offer good UV protection.
– AVOID SUN
Avoid going directly into the sun as much as you can. But if you can’t avoid it completely, then abstain from getting out in the peak sun. Peak hours of the sun usually range from 10 a.m to 4 p.m. Staying in or protecting yourself in these hours supremely can benefit you.
– CHECK YOUR MEDICINES
Some medicines increase the sensitivity of the skin to the sun. These include a few antibiotics like doxycyclines, diuretics, antidepressants, blood pressure controlling drugs, acne medications, and NSAIDs. If you take any medicines on prescription or even OTC drugs, always consult a pharmacist about the risk of sunburn associated with that drug.